(Rome) The 56 electors of the Grand Council of State have elected the new Grand Duke of Rome, Fra Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto, as the new prince and grand master of the Sovereign Order of Malta. The election took place in the Villa Magistrale in Rome, an extraterritorial area under the Sovereignty of the Order.
The 80th Grand Master in the almost thousand-year-old history of the Order will be sworn in on the Aventine on Sunday. This will not take place before the Cardinal Patron of the Order, Cardinal Raymond Burke, but the Apostolic Special Envoy, the Apostolic Special Envoy, the Archbishop of Cordoba, Angelo Becciu, appointed by Pope Francis on February 4, Substitute of the Vatican Secretariat of State.
The new statthalter of the mayor
Giacomo Count Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto was born in 1944 in Rome. He comes from the ancient Catholic nobility from the area of Treviso. He studied at the University of La Sapienza in Rome, specializing in the field of Christian Archeology. At the Pontifical University of Urbaniana , he was a professor for ancient Greek and chief librarians and archives of important collections of the university. In his writings, he appeared mainly with essays on the art history of the Middle Ages.
In 1985, he became a member of the Maltese Vicar, and in 1993 he took the solemn vows. He became a member of the First Order of the Order, for which he has since exercised numerous leading functions. From 1994-1999 he was Grand Priest of Lombardy and Venice, from 1999-2004 member of the Sovereign Council, from 2004-2008 Grand Commander of the Order. As such he directed the order after the death of the 78th Grand Master, Fra Andrew Bertie, already as a statthalter until the election of the 79th Grand Master. Since then he has been the Grand Prince of Rome.
The Dalla Torre del Tempio, Count of Sanguinetto
The Counts di Sanguinetto are closely connected with the papal court. The grandfather of the present head, Giuseppe Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto (1885-1967), was the City Councilor of Padua for the Catholic Union and in 1915 he became president of the Catholic Action of Italy. As such he supported the peace course of Pope Benedict XV. against Italian participation in the First World War. In 1918, the Pope appointed him President of the board of the Osservatore Romano, and in 1920 he became chief editor. It's an office he held until 1960. Before and during the Second World War, he turned against the neo-Nazi (ideals) and atheist (Communism) ideologies and their despotic racial and class antagonisms. In constant friction with the fascist regime, he and his family lived in the Vatican for security reasons. The election of John XXIII. and the appointment of Cardinal Secretary Domenico Tardini led to his resignation.
The father, Paolo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto (1910-1993), was a renowned art historian who also dealt with the Church history of the modern age. Since 1938 he worked for museums of the Vatican. From 1961-1975 he was Director-General of the Vatican Museums . As City Councilor of Rome for the Democrazia Cristiana (DC), he also held political positions after the Second World War.
Giuseppe Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto, the President of the Vatican, and the General Council of the Knights of the Tomb (Order of the Knights of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem). After teaching at various universities, he was a rector of the Catholic, Roman private university LUMSA, President of the Association of Italian Catholic Lawyers, adviser to Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti (2011-2013) and member of the National Bioethics Council of Italy.
Priority constitutional reform
In a declaration by the Maltese Order about the Lieutenant of the Grand Master,
"One of the most important tasks" of Fra Dalla Torre as a Lieutenant of the Grand Master "will be to work on the reform of the Constitution and the Codex of the Order."
The current Constitution entered into force in 1961 and was last reformed in 1997.
"The proposed constitutional reform aims to remedy potential institutional weaknesses. The recent crisis has revealed some weaknesses in the control mechanisms of leadership. These will be taken into account in the reform. In the foreground, the reform will need to strengthen the spiritual life of the Order and gain more professed members. In addition, more appointments are to be admitted to the first class. The talks have already been started, and all members of the Order are invited to make proposals."
On the powers of the Lieutenant of the Grand Master, the press release states:
"According to the constitution of the Order, the Lieutenant of the Grand Master remains in office for one year, and during this time he is endowed with the same authority as a Grand Master. Before the end of his mandate, the Lieutenant of the Grand Master must convoke the Grand Council of State.
The Lieutenant of the Grand Master who is sovereign and religious head of the Order, has to devote himself entirely to the prosperity of the Order and must be a model for all members with a life according to Christian values. He exerts the highest authority. Together with the Sovereign Council, he enacts statutory provisions that are not contained in the Constitution, announces government acts and ratifies international agreements. The magisterium of the Grand Master resides at the Magistrate's palace in Rome. "
[Update] A short version, which was first published in error, is to be regarded as irrelevant.
Text: Giuseppe Nardi
Trans: Tancred firstname.lastname@example.org