(Vatican) At the end of the Sunday Angelus, Pope Francis announced the names of the new cardinals earlier than expected, that on 22 February he will raise cardinals during his first extraordinary conistoriums of his pontificate. There will be 19 new cardinals, 16 of which will be eligible to vote in a conclave and thus are under 80 . What can be read out of the appointments? In which direction is the Argentine Pope aiming?
No More "Automatic" Cardinals
The appointments follow largely what Katholisches.info had already predicted (see separate report , The New Cardinals by Pope Francis - Essay on Topography ). The list of newly appointed cardinals shows that Pope Francis does not intend to observe the Archbishop seats that are connected from ancient times to the dignity of Cardinal. At least not those of the so-called First World. The Pope makes his decisions as he wants, as as an autocratic ruler. So in engaging the Petrine ministry he shall serve it more extensively than his predecessors, especially Pope Benedict XVI. The certainty with which the archbishops had previously automatically counted on the dignity of cardinal, no longer exists. This will affect especially Italy, the USA and Belgium this time. Among those unrecognized is the Archbishop of Turin, Monsignor Cesare Nosiglia. Italy will no longer have in future eight resident cardinals in the conclave. This does not mean that it might not happen to the archbishop of Lyon, Vienna, Munich or Barcelona tomorrow.
Second, the pope is moving the axis in the direction of the church senate to the southern hemisphere. He has taken the first step, should he maintain the cut, the next conclave will be much of Latin America, Africa and Asia. Those not considered included the Eastern Churches united with Rome, especially the martyred churches of the Middle East, but also the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.
Direction of decision: for the Ratzingerianer Sanctioned Moraglia (Venice) and Leonard (Brussels)
Third, the first appointment round shows a directional decision. Pope Francis is continuing his distance towards the understanding of the Church Benedict XVI.. What the German theologian Pope accomplished against fierce opposition, the renewal of the Catholic Church by returning to the essentials, especially in the liturgy, the two thousand years of tradition, and the interpretation of the Second Vatican Council away from decomposing experiments and destructive fractures towards a recovery of the continuity, the new Pope wants to cancel possible. After restructuring the staff of the Roman Curia, which is still in progress, the Ratzingerianers have also been significantly excluded in the cardinal appointments. This refers to those church leaders who were close in a special way to the predecessor Pope in representing his line. This is especially true for the Patriarch Francesco Moraglia of Venice and Archbishop André-Joseph Léonard of Mechelen-Brussels. Especially in Belgium, where the church is suffering from the sustained bombardment by radical opponents of the Church, and Archbishop Leonard has already had to endure numerous scandalous attacks against his person, including two Femen attacks, this recognition would have been a signal of his support and assistance in the Cardinal's stand. Pope Francis has since appointed the less exposed Archbishop Vincent Nichols of Westminster as cardinal, who had been recently reprimanded for the toleration of "homo-Mass" by the Congregation, speaks against Archbishop Leonard not for the fact that he heads a European diocese, but his "conservative" disposition.
The "Protégé" and the Church Policy of Francis
It has already been speculated that the Pope could use the cardinal surveys to also drive Italian church policy, though he had just explained the withdrawal of the Pope from the Catholic Bishops' Conference applied to his program. While traditional seats like the Archbishop of Turin and Venice in particular came up empty-handed, the one because he is Italian, the other because he belongs to the Italians and in the wrong direction, an Italian bishop was raised to cardinal, heading no "cardinalatial" diocese. Archbishop Gualtiero Bassetti of Perugia is Vice-President of the Italian Bishops' Conference for Central Italy and is considered a "protégé" of the Pope. Although Pope Francis suggested to waive his prerogative to appoint the chairman and the secretary of the Italian Episcopal Conference, he appointed recently not only a new secretary, but did it against any practice in complete isolation. He appointed Archbishop Bassetti, a member of the Congregation for Bishops, and his elevation to the cardinal state nowadays suggests that he soon wants to replace the current President of the Italian Bishops' Conference appointed by Benedict XVI., Cardinal Angelo Bagnasco by Bassetti.
Archbishop Bassetti took part in a 2011 liturgy by the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest in a celebration of Mass in the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite, in which two sisters of the Institute took their perpetual vows with his blessing. In the same year he celebrated Holy Sacrifice of the Mass itself in the Old Latin in Perugia, where the Franciscans of the Immaculate assisted him at the altar.
The same as in Italy with the affront Patriarch Moraglia and the appointment of Archbishop Massetti happened in the Philippines. Instead appointing Archbishop Jose S. Palma vo Cebu to the chief shepherd of the largest Archdiocese and Chairman of the Philippine Bishops' Conference of the Catholic-rich island nation, Pope Francis chose the Pastor of a subordinated Archdiocese, which has never been connected to the dignity of Cardinal.
With Bishop Chibly Langlois from the Caribbean island of Haiti we find a purple bearer who doesn't even possess an archbishopric.
Monsignor Capovilla and the Signal-like Award for the Council
Among the three "personally" appointed cardinals, priests and theologians who have already completed their 80th year of life and are no longer eligible to vote in the conclave, falls on mainly to the 98 year old Archbishop Loris Francesco Capovilla, the talkative former personal secretary of Pope John XXIII. Pope Francis had asked him only a month after his election to Rome to meet with him. In addition to the out of protocol canonization of Pope John XXIII. is this another award for the Second Vatican Council? Emeritus Archbishop of Pamplona, Monsignor Fernando Sebastián Aguilar CMF, however, is the Pope's person of trust with regard to the Church in Spain.
The List of New Cardinals
- Pietro Parolin, Titular Archbishop of Acquapendente, Secretary of State
- Lorenzo Baldisseri, Titular Archbishop Diocletiana, Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops
- Gerhard Ludwig Müller, Archbishop, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith
- Beniamino Stella, Titular Archbishop of Midila, Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
- Vincent Nichols, Archbishop of Westminster (United Kingdom)
- Gualtiero Bassetti, Archbishop of Perugia-Città della Pieve (Italy)
- North America
- Gérald Cyprien Lacroix Archbishop of Québec (Canada)
- Latin America
- Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano, Archbishop of Managua (Nicaragua)
- Orani João Tempesta OCIS, Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
- Mario Aurelio Poli, Archbishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina)
- Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB, Archbishop of Santiago del Cile (Chile)
- Chibly Langlois, Bishop of Les Cayes (Haiti)
- Jean-Pierre Kutwa, Archbishop of Abidjan (Ivory Coast)
- Philippe Ouedraogo Nakellentuba, Archbishop of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)
- Andrew Yeom Soo Young, Archbishop of Seoul (Korea)
- Orlando B. Quevedo, OMI, Archbishop of Cotabato (Philippines)
The Pope, not easily forget
As expected, the French Dominican Jean-Louis Bruguès who had fallen from grace with Pope Francis. The Pope from Argentina has already dismissed him from the Congregation of Education and sent him to the post of Librarian and Archivist of the Holy Roman Catholic Church. Father Bruguès had opposed the appointment of Victor Manuel Fernandez as the Rector of the Catholic University of Buenos Aires. But the then then Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, wanted him to have this post. Fernandez is considered a special faithful companion of the current Pope and his speechwriter. Pope Francis does not forget so easily.
Text: Giuseppe Nardi
Trans: Tancred firstname.lastname@example.org